Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Regulation of secretion from mucous and serous cells in the excised ferret trachea
Auteur(s)
KISHIOKA Chikako ; OKAMOTO Kosuke ; KIM Jungsoo ; ...
Résumé
Mucus hypersecretion is an important characteristic of many airway diseases. Mucin is the major component of mucus, and is secreted from surface goblet cells of the airway epithelium and mucous cells of submucosal glands. Lysozyme is an enzyme secreted by serous cells of airway submucosal glands. We hypothesized that secretagogues acting through different pathways would have different effects on tracheal mucin and lysozyme secretion. We used a sandwich enzyme-linked lectin assay (ELLA) to measure mucin-like glycoprotein secretion and a spectrophotometric method to measure lysozyme secretion from isolated ferret tracheal segments. We evaluated the secretory response to four secretagogues; prostaglandin F (PGF), adenosine triphosphate (ATP), methacholine (MCh), and human neutrophil elastase (HNE). Each agent stimulated mucin and lysozyme secretion. The relative potency was PGF < ATP < MCh < HNE for mucin and ATP < PGF < MCh < HNE for lysozyme secretion. We showed that there is an anatomic gradient for constitutive and stimulated mucin and lysozyme secretion with the distal tracheal segments secreting more mucin and lysozyme per gram of tissue than the proximal segments. This robust model system can be used to evaluate the regulation of airway mucous and serous cell secretion and to assess the effect of agents that might alter the secretory response. We confirm that on an equimolar basis, HNE is one of the most potent mucus secretagogues.
Editeur
Elsevier; Elsevier
Identifiant
PMID : 11348643 ISSN : 0034-5687 CODEN : RSPYAK
Source
Respiration physiology A. 2001, vol. 126, n° 2, pp. 163-171 [bibl. : 1 p. 1/4]
Langue
Anglais
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