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Presence of enniatin B and its hepatic metabolites in plasma and liver samples from broilers and eggs from laying hens
Enniatins, a large group of cyclodepsipeptides, are widely distributed contaminants of different crops intended for human and animal consumption. Enniatin B is one of the principal analogues in species of the genus Fusarium, known to have ionophoric, antibiotic, and insecticidal activity. Regardless of considerable cytotoxic effects observed in vitro, enniatins have been characterised as compounds with low acute toxicity in vivo. The biotransformation of enniatin B has previously been elucidated in liver microsomes, and 12 different metabolites (M1 to M12) have been reported. In order to provide a better basis for understanding the potential toxic effects in humans and animals, different samples (eggs, livers, plasma) from two different feeding studies have been analysed for the presence of enniatin B and its hepatic metabolites. The earlier reported metabolite M11, and a novel metabolite (designated M13), were dominant in liver samples from enniatin B exposed broilers. The peak area corresponding to the sodiated molecular ion of M11 was approximately 2.5 times larger than that of parent enniatin B in liver samples collected after one week of exposure. The same metabolites were also present in serum samples. In egg samples, only metabolites M13 and M4 were detected. The comparison of mass spectrometric data of M13 and enniatin B suggested that M13 is a monohydroxylated metabolite. The hepatic biotransformation of enniatin B was also investigated in vitro in chicken microsomes
Wageningen Academic Publishers
ISSN : 1875-0710
World mycotoxin journal (Print) A. 2014, vol. 7, n° 2, pp. 167-175 [9 pages] [bibl. : 1 p.1/4]
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