Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in humans have similar triacylglycerol-lowering effects but divergent effects on serum fatty acids
Auteur(s)
GRIMSGAARD S. ; BØNAA K. H. ; HANSEN J.-B. ; ...
Résumé
To compare the effects of highly purified ethyl ester concentrates of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on serum lipids, apolipoproteins, and serum phospholipid fatty acids in humans, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design intervention study. Healthy nonsmoking men (n = 234) aged 36-56 y were randomly assigned to dietary supplementation with 3.8 g EPA/d, 3.6 g DHA/d, or 4.0 g corn oil/d (placebo) for 7 wk. Serum triacylglycerols decreased 26% (P < 0.0001) in the DHA group and 21% (P = 0.0001) in the EPA group compared with the corn oil group. Although not significant, net decreases in serum triacylglycerols were consistently greater in the DHA group across all quartiles of baseline triacylglycerol concentrations. Serum high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol increased 0.06 mmol/L (P = 0.0002) in the DHA group. In the EPA group, serum total cholesterol decreased 0.15 mmol/L (P = 0.02) and apolipoprotein A-I decreased 0.04 g/L (P = 0.0003). In the DHA group, serum phospholipid DHA increased by 69% and EPA increased by 29%, indicating retroconversion of DHA to EPA. In the EPA group, serum phospholipid EPA increased by 297% whereas DHA decreased by 15%, suggesting that EPA is not elongated to DHA in humans. The serum phospholipid ratio of n-3 to n-6 fatty acids increased in both groups, whereas the relative changes in n-6 fatty acids suggested possible alterations in liver desaturation activity in the DHA group. We conclude that bot
Editeur
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Identifiant
PMID : 9280188 ISSN : 0002-9165 CODEN : AJCNAC
Source
The American journal of clinical nutrition A. 1997, vol. 66, n° 3, pp. 649-659 [bibl. : 49 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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