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The origins of information science and the International Institute of Bibliography/International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID)
This paper suggests that the ideas and practices embraced by the term documentation introduced by Paul Otlet and his colleagues to describe the work of the International Institute of Bibliography (later FID) that they set up in Brussels in 1895, constituted a new discursive formation to echo Foucault. While today's special terminology of information science was not then in use, this should not obscure the fact that key concepts for information science as we now understand the field of study and research - and the technical systems and professional activities in which it is anchored - were implicit in and operationalised by what was created within the International Institute of Bibliography in 1895 and the decades that followed. The ideas and practices to be discussed would today be rubricated as information technology, information retrieval, search strategies, information centres, fee-based information services, linked data bases, database management software, scholarly communication networks, multimedia and hypertext, even the modern, diffuse notion of information itself. The paper argues that important aspects of the origins of information science as we now know it in the US and elsewhere in the English-speaking world were contained within or became an extension of the discursive formation that we have labeled documentation
International Federation for Information and Documentation
ISSN : 0304-9701 CODEN : IFIDD7
International forum on information and documentation A. 1997, vol. 22, n° 2, pp. 3-15 [bibl. : 34 ref.]
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