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Titre du Document
Characterization of β-phenylethylamine-induced monoamine release in rat nucleus accumbens : a microdialysis study
Auteur(s)
NAKAMURA M. ; ISHII A. ; NAKAHARA D.
Résumé
In vivo microdialysis was used to investigate the effect of β-phenylethylamine on extracellular levels of monoamines and their metabolites in the nucleus accumbens of conscious rats. At all doses tested (1, 10 and 100 μM), infusion of β-phenylethylamine through the microdialysis probe significantly increased extracellular levels of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. These increases were dose-related. The increase in dopamine levels induced by 100 μM β-phenylethylamine was not affected by co-perfusion of 4 μM tetrodotoxin. The ability of 100 μM β-phenylethylamine to increase the extracellular level of dopamine was comparable to that of the same dose of methamphetamine. On the other hand, β-phenylethylamine had a much less potent enhancing effect on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) than dopamine levels. Only the highest dose (100 μM) caused a statistically significant effect on 5-HT levels. Over the dose range tested (1, 10 and 100 μM), β-phenylethylamine had no effect on extracellular metabolite levels of dopamine and 5-HT. The results suggest that β-phenylethylamine increases the efflux of monoamines, preferentially dopamine, without affecting monoamine metabolism, in the nucleus accumbens.
Editeur
Elsevier
Identifiant
PMID : 9671094 ISSN : 0014-2999 CODEN : EJPHAZ
Source
European journal of pharmacology A. 1998, vol. 349, n° 2-3, pp. 163-169 [bibl. : 27 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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