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Tocapus in "loser Formation" im Mittleren Horizont, Peru: Federhut M 32205 des Linden-Museums, Stuttgart
Middle Horizon Topacus arranged in Disconnected Rows: Headdress M 32205 of the Linden-Museum, Stuttgart
CLADOS Christiane
A feathered bi-convex headdress of unknown provenance in the Linden-Museum, Stuttgart, likely dates to the Middle Horizon based on an analysis of its central motif. This paper examines iconographic representations from different time periods to provide a relative date for the Stuttgart artifact and to clarify its original function. Special attention is given to the meaning of the central motif, which might be derived from realistically represented depictions or codified representations of Middle Horizon tocapus. The headdress is covered with tiny feathers of turquoise, orange, and black on a yellow background. The feathers come from the throat of the Paradise Tanager, as well as from multiple species of parrots, and were attached to the fabric after the weaving was completed. Three horizontal rows of dice-like motifs decorate the headdress. The central motif consists of a square with four dots in that is repeated in three different color combinations around the headdress (Fig. 1). The headdress originally might have been part of the artificial head of a mummy bundle similar to South Coast examples that are still preserved. Bi-convex headdresses are very common in Wari and Tiwanaku cultures, but also are seen on Nasca ceramics (Fig. 3) and according to Heidi King (personal communication), on Late Moche ceramics as well. Tiwanaku IV phase portrait vases and Wari stone and metal figurines (Pikillaqta) each show highly ranked men with this particular type of headdress (Figs. 2 an
Linden-Museum, Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde
ISSN : 0082-6413
Tribus A. 2010, vol. 59, pp. 164-179 [16 pages]
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