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Titre du Document
Retrieval and monitoring of atmospheric trace gas concentrations in nadir and limb geometry using the space-borne sciamachy instrument
Auteur(s)
SIERK B. ; RICHTER A. ; ROZANOV A. ; ...
Résumé
The Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) onboard the European Envisat spacecraft performs continuous spectral observations of reflected, scattered and transmitted sunlight in various observation geometries. A unique feature of SCIAMACHY is the capability of probing the atmosphere in three different observation geometries: The nadir, limb, and occultation measurement modes. In nadir mode, column densities of trace gases are retrieved with a spatial resolution of typically 30 x 60 km using the Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) technique (Platt and Pemer, 1983). Alternating with the nadir measurement, vertical profiles of absorber concentration in the stratosphere are derived in limb and occultation. In this paper we present an overview over some applications of SCIAMACHY data in space-based monitoring of atmospheric pollution. The DOAS algorithms for the retrieval of total column amounts from nadir spectra are briefly described and case studies of pollution events are presented. We also illustrate the technique used to derive stratospheric concentration profiles from limb observations and show comparisons with other remote sensing systems. Special emphasis will be given to techniques, which take advantage of SCIAMACHY's different viewing geometries. In particular, we will discuss the potential and limits of strategies to infer tropospheric abundances of O3 and NO2.
Editeur
Springer
Identifiant
ISSN : 0167-6369 CODEN : EMASDH
Source
Environmental monitoring and assessment A. 2006, vol. 120, n° 1-3, pp. 65-77 [13 pages] [bibl. : 16 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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