Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Prevalence of viral markers among first-time Arab blood donors in Kuwait
Auteur(s)
AMEEN Reem ; SANAD Nabil ; AL-SHEMMARI Salem ; ...
Résumé
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of blood donation modes on the prevalence of viral markers among Arab first-time blood donors in Kuwait. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Donor ethnic background was classified as Kuwaiti nationals and non-Kuwaiti Arabs. A total of 26,874 donors were screened in 2002 for the following viral markers: hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-hepatitis B core antigen (HBc), human immunodeficiency virus-1 and -2 antibody (anti-HIV-1 and -2), HIV p24, and human T lymphotropic virus-I and -II antibody (anti-HTLVI/II). All samples positive for the presence of anti-HBc were tested for anti-HBs. Among these donors, 12,798 were first-time donors of which 74 percent were replacement and 26 percent were volunteers. RESULTS: The prevalence of HCV among replacement donors was significantly higher than the volunteer group. The difference between the two modes of blood donations, however, was not significant for HBsAg. The prevalence of anti-HCV among Kuwaiti national and non-Kuwaiti Arab first-time donors was 0.8 and 5.4 percent, respectively, whereas the prevalence of HBsAg was 1.1 and 3.5 percent, respectively, with the difference being significant at a p level of <0.0001. The difference observed for prevalence of anti-HBc among Kuwaiti national and non-Kuwaiti Arab donors (17 and 33.3%, respectively) was significant (p < 0.0001). Among first-time donors, 13.7 percent were positive for the presence
Editeur
Blackwell Publishing
Identifiant
PMID : 16371052 ISSN : 0041-1132 CODEN : TRANAT
Source
Transfusion (Philadelphia, PA) A. 2005, vol. 45, n° 12, pp. 1973-1980 [8 pages] [bibl. : 29 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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