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Esten, letten und litauer in der britischen besatzungszone deutschlands. Aus akten des Foreign office
Estonians, latvians and lithuanians in the british occupation zone of Germany
TEGELER Tillmann
This article deals with the British policy towards Baltic displaced persons in post-war Germany. After World War II millions of refugees were spread over Europe. Over five millions of them were stranded in the Western occupation zones of Germany. About a million decided to stay there. The others were repatriated by the allies to their home in Eastern Europe. Among those who stayed, the Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians formed a special group. On the one hand they were a small group about 120 000 people, while on the other hand their political position was high-explosive. Different from other peoples like the Poles their home was incorporated in the Soviet Union and didn't exist anymore. So they couldn't be treated like UN nationals, whose treatment was fixed in international agreements. One problem was, that in camps of the UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) there existed no liaison officers to articulate the will of Baltic DPs towards the occupation authorities. Another difficulty were the permanent attempts of the Soviets to get "their" citizens home into the Soviet Union. While the UNRRA ran the camps with regard to social affairs, the British occupation administration formed a division to do so politically. In the beginning the PW & DP Division (Prisoners of War/Displaced Persons Division) was busy to ban Baltic organisations, because their existence provoked diplomatic complications. As a representative of British democracy the PW & DP Divi
ISSN : 0021-4019
Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas A. 2005, vol. 53, n° 1, pp. 42-57 [16 pages]
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