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Phase I/II evaluation of pentostatin (2'-deoxycoformycin) in a five day schedule for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of pentostatin (2'-deoxycoformycin) administered in a five day schedule every 28 days to patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) relapsed from or refractory to at least one line of prior chemotherapy. The initial dose level of 2 mg/m2/day was adjusted up or down by 0.5 mg/m2 in subsequent cycles on the basis of haematological and non-haematological toxicities. The five day schedule was selected because published pharmacokinetic studies had indicated that although pentostatin had an elimination half-life of approximately six hours and could inhibit plasma adenosine deaminase activity for 24 hours, recovery of enzyme activity rapidly took place and accumulation of dATP which has a toxic effect on non-replicating lymphoid cells could be increased by repeated dosing. Twenty-nine patients were entered into the study and dose-escalation was possible in nine, while dose reductions were required for five patients. Of the 24 patients evaluable for response, complete responses were achieved in two and partial responses in five for an overall response rate of 29.2%. Toxicity consisted of myelosuppression, infection, nausea and vomiting and hepatotoxicity but was experienced at acceptable levels considering the heavily pre-treated nature of the patient population. Pentostatin in this schedule has salvage activity in previously treated or resistant patients with B-CLL.
PMID : 9848579 ISSN : 0167-6997 CODEN : INNDDK
Investigational new drugs A. 1998, vol. 16, n° 2, pp. 155-160 [bibl. : 38 ref.]
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