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Titre du Document
Concussion in professional football: Injuries involving 7 or more days out. Part 5. Comment
Auteur(s)
PELLMAN Elliot J. ; VIANO David C. ; CASSON Ira R. ; ...
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: A 6-year study was conducted to determine the signs, symptoms, and outcome of concussions with 7 or more (7+) days out from play or extended postconcussion recovery in the National Football League (NFL). METHODS: From 1996 to 2001, reporting of concussion was performed by NFL teams using a special standardized reporting form fillet out by team physicians. Signs and symptoms were grouped by general symptoms, somatic complaints, cranial nerve effects, cognition problems, memory problems, and unconsciousness, Medical action taken and management were recorded. In all, 887 concussions were reported in practices and games. RESULTS: There were 72 concussions (8.1%) involving 7+ days out from play. The highest frequency occurred in quarterbacks (14.8%), the retum unit on special teams (1.8%), and secondary (10.8%). Quarterbacks had the highest odds ratin (OR) of 7+ days out with concussion (OR = 2.10, P = 0.049), whereas running backs had the lowest relative risk (OR = 0.13, P = 0.021). The greatest fraction of 7 + days out occurred in passing plays (36.1 %) and kickoffs (22.2%). Many signs and Symptoms occurred at a greater frequency on initial examination in players 7+ days out; the average number per player was 4.64 with 7+ days out versus 2.58 with fewer days out (t = 6.02, df = 77.1). The signs and symptoms with the highest incidence for 7 + days out were disorientation to time (X2 = 51.2, P = 001), retrograde amoesia (X2= 32.2, P = 0.001), fatigue (X2
Editeur
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Identifiant
PMID : 15509317 ISSN : 0148-396X CODEN : NRSRDY
Source
Neurosurgery A. 2004, vol. 55, n° 5, pp. 1100-1119 [20 pages] [bibl. : 54 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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