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Titre du Document
Do sporting activities convey benefits to bone mass throughout the skeleton?
Auteur(s)
NEVILL Alan M. ; HOLDER Roger L. ; STEWART Arthur D.
Résumé
It is well known that sport and exercise play an important role in stimulating site-specific bone mineral density (BMD). However, what is less well understood is how these benefits dissipate throughout the body. Hence, the aim of the present study was to compare the BMD (recorded at nine sites throughout the skeleton) of 106 male athletes (from nine sports) with that of 15 male non-exercising age-matched controls. Given that BMD is known to increase with body mass and peak with age, multivariate and univariate analyses of covariance were performed to compare the BMD of the nine sports groups with controls (at all sites) using body mass and age as covariates. Our results confirmed a greater adjusted BMD in the arms of the upper-body athletes, the right arm of racket players and the legs of runners (compared with controls), supporting the site-specific nature (i.e. specific to the externally loaded site) of the bone remodelling response (all P<0.01). However, evidence that bone mass acquisition is not just site-specific comes from the results of the rugby players, strength athletes, triathletes and racket players. The rugby players' adjusted BMD was the greatest of all sports groups and greater than controls at all nine sites (all P<0.01), with differences ranging from 8% greater in the left arm to 21% in the lumbar spine. Similarly, the strength athletes' adjusted BMD was superior to that of controls at all sites (P < 0.05) except the legs. The adjusted BMD of the triathletes
Editeur
Taylor & Francis
Identifiant
PMID : 15370495 ISSN : 0264-0414
Source
Journal of sports sciences (Print) A. 2004, vol. 22, n° 7, pp. 645-650 [6 pages] [bibl. : 19 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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