Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Induced earthquakes accompanying the water injection experiment at the Nojima fault zone, Japan: Seismicity and its migration
The 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake of M7.2 occurred on January 17, 1995. After the earthquake, a scientific drilling program called the Nojima Fault Zone Probe was carried out at the Nojima fault which ruptured during the mainshock. Water was injected during two periods, February 9-13 and March 16-25, 1997. The pumping pressure at the surface was about 4 MPa. Pressurized water was injected into a 1800-m-deep borehole and supplied to the surrounding rock at depths between 1480 and 1670 m. The total amount of injected water was 258 m3. An increase in earthquake activity was observed 4 or 5 days after the beginning of each water injection. The seismicity increased in the region around 3 or 4 km from the injection point. This suggests that these earthquakes are likely to have been induced by the water injections. The induced earthquakes were located between 2 and 4 km in depth and had magnitudes ranging from -2 to +1. The hypocenters of the induced earthquakes migrated with speeds of -2-40 m/h. The speeds decreased with time, suggesting a relationship with the diffusion of water. Values of intrinsic permeability of 10-14-10-15 m2 were obtained from the time dependency of induced seismicity change. The coefficient of friction in the area where the induced earthquakes occurred was estimated to be less than 0.3. Twenty earthquake clusters were found, and cross-spectrum analysis was applied to them. We could distinguish between the induced and noninduc
American Geophysical Union
ISSN : 0148-0227
Journal of geophysical research A. 2000, vol. 105, n° B3, pp. 6089-6104 [Illustrations : Illustration] [bibl. : 1 p.3/4]
Pour les membres de la communauté du CNRS, ce document est autorisé à la reproduction à titre gratuit.
Pour les membres des communautés hors CNRS, la reproduction de ce document à titre onéreux sera fournie sous réserve d’autorisation du Centre Français d’exploitation du droit de Copie.

Pour bénéficier de nos services (strictement destinés aux membres de la communauté CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), de l'ESR français (Enseignement Supérieur et Recherche), et du secteur public français & étranger) :