Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Randomized study of vaginal chlorhexidine disinfection during labor to prevent vertical transmission of group B streptococci
Auteur(s)
ADRIAANSE A. H. ; KOLLEE L. A. A. ; MUYTJENS H. L. ; ...
Résumé
Objective : To evaluate the effect of vaginal disinfection with chlorhexidine gel during labor on vertical transmission of group B streptococcus, as a method to prevent vertical transmission and subsequent neonatal early onset group B streptococcal disease. Study Design : A prospective study with randomization of 1020 parturients to one of three groups as soon as labor started. In all parturients, anus, introitus and cervix were cultured semiquantitatively. Two groups were treated double-blindly with 10 ml of either a 0.3% chlorhexidine gel or a placebo gel, applicated around the portio and into the fornices. If labor still continued, a second application was given after 10 h. The third group received no treatment. Ear, pharynx and umbilicus of all newborns were also cultured semiquantitatively. Results : Nine hundred and eighty one women were evaluated. The overall incidence of group B streptococcal carriership was 19.4%. Vertical transmission was 52.4% in the chlorhexidine group, 71.4% in the placebo group and 66.7% in the control group (P = 0.069). When testing the transmission rates for the chlorhexidine versus the combined placebo plus control group (69.3%), the difference was 16.9% (P = 0.026). Conclusion : Vaginal disinfection with a chlorhexidine gel during labor modestly reduces group B streptococcal vertical transmission. Because the method is cheap, simple and safe, it should be considered for routine use. Our results indicate that it may reduce the incidence of ea
Editeur
Elsevier
Identifiant
ISSN : 0301-2115 CODEN : EOGRAL
Source
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology A. 1995, vol. 61, n° 2, pp. 135-141 [bibl. : 30 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
Pour les membres de la communauté du CNRS, ce document est autorisé à la reproduction à titre gratuit.
Pour les membres des communautés hors CNRS, la reproduction de ce document à titre onéreux sera fournie sous réserve d’autorisation du Centre Français d’exploitation du droit de Copie.

Pour bénéficier de nos services (strictement destinés aux membres de la communauté CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), de l'ESR français (Enseignement Supérieur et Recherche), et du secteur public français & étranger) :