Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
The excimer laser in orthopaedics : The laser in orthopaedic surgery
Auteur(s)
GLOSSOP N. D. ; JACKSON R. W. ; KOORT H. J. ; ...
Résumé
This review details clinical and laboratory experience with the 308 nm XeCl excimer laser. This ultraviolet laser is not approved yet for use in arthroscopy, but has been shown to be extremely proficient for debridement of degenerate articular cartilage and meniscus. It has fewer advantages than conventional techniques for synovectomy, meniscectomy, and lateral release. Preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies were performed to investigate the character of laser-irradiated articular cartilage and to search for evidence of regeneration. A model of arthritis was created in rabbits to test the effects of the laser. Partialthickness cuts in articular cartilage also were irradiated to test for cartilage regeneration. In vitro results indicated that the cartilage was sealed, with only a negligible loss in thickness. The results of live rabbit studies initially showed a similar sealing under scanning electron and light microscopy; however, it tended to break down in time. The results of autoradiographic and histologic studies showed no evidence of cartilage regeneration. Recent evidence suggests that the laser may adversely affect chondrocyte vitality in a region beyond the region of visible damage. There is no evidence to suggest that the laser is mutagenic
Editeur
Springer
Identifiant
PMID : 7641463 ISSN : 0009-921X CODEN : CORTBR
Source
Clinical orthopaedics and related research A. 1995, n° 310, pp. 72-81 [bibl. : 18 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
Pour les membres de la communauté du CNRS, ce document est autorisé à la reproduction à titre gratuit.
Pour les membres des communautés hors CNRS, la reproduction de ce document à titre onéreux sera fournie sous réserve d’autorisation du Centre Français d’exploitation du droit de Copie.

Pour bénéficier de nos services (strictement destinés aux membres de la communauté CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), de l'ESR français (Enseignement Supérieur et Recherche), et du secteur public français & étranger) :