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Tradition, violence and modernisation : Understanding the legitimation crisis of Indian political order
The way a concept is used may be different from the essence or the definition of it. Defining criterion of tradition simply requires the passage of a « multitude of facts and processes » on the dimension of time. This may include old, recent, and even newly emerging aims, identified as the attributes of modernity, to constitute tradition with the passage of time. Anthropologists should discover the stage of development in a society. In evolution from primitive to modern industrial society there is an intermediate stage of peasant society. Primitive and peasant societies are considered to be pre-modern or traditional. According to dialectical or structural-functional approach modernity is accorded moral superiority. Structural approach is understood as substitution by or grafting of some selected social or normative variables. Modernisation is always desirable but it should not be misunderstood as opposed to tradition. The Hindu great tradition contains a complex blend of features of both growing and decadent phases of civilization. Caste is associated with the decadent phase. In rural Bihar most of the people of the bottom category resolve their differences and conflicts through traditional panchayat. They do not generally approach the courts of law because their living pattern is communal and the cost of litigation is prohibitive. Courts are approached mostly by the upper bracket of population
Ethnographic and Folk Culture Society
ISSN : 0012-8686
The Eastern Anthropologist A. 1994, vol. 47, n° 4, pp. 327-340 [bibl. : 2 p.]
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