Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
15N-determined dinitrogen fixation capacity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars under water stress
Auteur(s)
CASTELLANOS J. Z. ; PENA-CABRIALES J. J. ; ACOSTA-GALLEGOS J. A.
Résumé
The effect of water stress on nitrogen fixation in seven common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes was investigated in Celaya, Gto., Mexico, in 1991. Beans were grown under four moisture regimes: (1) well-irrigated, control, (2) with water stress during the vegetative stage, (3) with water stress during the reproductive stage and (4) with water stress during the whole growing cycle. Biological nitrogen fixation was measured by 15N-isotope dilution using sorghum as a reference crop. Nodulation and N2-fixation data showed genotypic differences in response to water stress. Under non-stressed conditions, cv. Bayocel fixed the most nitrogen (85 kg/ha) and cultivar Flor de Mayo Bajio the least (33 kg/ha). Under water stress at the reproductive stage, these cultivars fixed 9 and 6 kg N/ha, respectively. Water stress during the reproductive stage reduced nodulation by an average of 43 % with no recovery after rewatering. Water stress during the reproductive stage had a greater effect on N2-fixation than on grain yield; in comparison to the control, N2-fixation was reduced to one sixth while grain yield was only reduced by 50 %.
Editeur
Cambridge University Press
Identifiant
ISSN : 0021-8596 CODEN : JASIAB
Source
Journal of Agricultural Science A. 1996, vol. 126, 3, pp. 327-333 [bibl. : 1 p.1/4]
Langue
Anglais
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