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Archaeological evidence for human settlement near the Tondi mire, northern Estonia
Mise en évidence archéologique de l'implantation humaine à proximité du marécage de Tondi, nord de l'Estonie
LANG V. ; HACKENS Tony (Editeur scientifique) ; HICKS Sheila (Editeur scientifique) ; ...
Numerous antiquities located in the vicinity of the Tondi mire west of the River Pirita provide evidence of human activities over a long period of time. One of the major centres in this area was Iru, 2.5 km north-east of the mire, which has the following chronology. A dwelling site representing the Corded Ware culture existed there in the Late Neolithic, and after a period of one thousand years or more without occupation, a new settlement was founded in the Late Bronze Age. This was followed by a break of a couple of hundred years, after which a new, quite short period of settlement on the hill of Iru is dated to the Late Pre-Roman Iron Age. After a further break in human habitation, the hill was again taken into use as a stronghold in the middle of the 1st millennium AD, marking the beginning of a fortification phase which lasted until the beginning of the 2nd millennium, when the hill-fort was finally abandoned. An unfortified settlement developed at Iru in the 7th-8th centuries AD and continued into Medieval times. The stone-cist graves and field remains mainly date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age, and some grave artefacts from the Roman Period. Two groups of stone-cist graves located directly on the eastern shore of the Tondi mire were excavated completely in 1959 and 1980, while the cemetery of Väo Kangru consists of 9 graves built at the transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Pre-Roman Period. The 4 stone-cist graves at Kuristiku are a little younger, from the first pa
Conseil de l'Europe
ISSN : 0257-8727
PACT (Rixensart) A. 1996, n° 51, pp. 69-83 [bibl. : 20 ref.]
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