Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Modeling impacts of Louisiana barrier islands on wetland hydrology
Auteur(s)
SUHAYDA J. N. ; STONE Gregory W. (Editeur scientifique) ; WILLIAMS S. Jeffress (Editeur scientifique) ; ...
Résumé
Management and restoration of natural systems requires the quantitative assessment of the impact and cost effectiveness of management alternatives. This paper provides a description of the methodology being used in Louisiana to evaluate the role of barrier islands in influencing wetland hydrology and some preliminary results. The steps that were taken to develop the methodology are reviewed. The objective of the evaluation was to determine the effect of barrier island geometry on the duration and depth of inundation of coastal wetlands under average and extreme conditions. The model selected for use was the overland flooding model developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to predict hurricane flood elevations for the National Flood Insurance Program. The model uses an explicit, two dimensional, spaced staggered, finite difference scheme to simulate the flow of water caused by tides and wind systems. The current size of the inlets between the islands is several times the equilibrium area based upon the tidal prisms. Slight reductions in the cross sectional areas of the inlets between the islands had only a very minor effect on reducing the depth and duration of wetland flooding. If the barrier islands were removed from the model, the depth and duration of tidal flooding slightly increased. Under extreme conditions, the island height and inlet size did have a significant effect on the depth and duration of wetland flooding. Hurricane Andrew produced a maximum surge e
Editeur
Coastal Education and Research Foundation
Type du document
Conférence : Louisiana's Barrier Islands : An Evaluation of their Geological Evolution, Morphodynamics and Rapid Deterioration. Workshop, New Orleans, USA, 1995-04
Identifiant
ISSN : 0749-0208 CODEN : JCRSEK
Source
Journal of coastal research A. 1997, vol. 13, n° 3, pp. 686-693 [Illustrations : Illustration] [bibl. : 25 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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