Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Population structure, growth and recruitment of the euryalinid brittle-star Astrobrachion constrictum (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) in Doubtful Sound, Fiordland, New Zealand
Auteur(s)
STEWART B. G. ; MLADENOV P. V.
Résumé
The euryalinid brittle-star (snake star) Astrobrachion constrictum (Farquhar) lives coiled around the branches of black coral (Antipathes fiordensis) colonies. Twenty-two vertical transects, 10 m wide by 30 m deep, were swum in Doubtful Sound over a 2.5 yr period from 1993 to 1995. Numbers, disc diameters and colour morphotypes of brittle-stars inhabiting coral colonies were recorded. 36.3% of the coral colonies >200 mm tall (n = 292) hosted ≥1 Astrobrachion constrictum (range 0 to 12). Overall, the population was patchily distributed on the available coral habitat. The dark red colour morphotype of A. constrictum was most common (87%, n = 279) followed by the yellow, striped, and then spotted varieties. The population was comprised mainly of large (≥10 mm disc diam) individuals, and juveniles were rarely encountered, indicating low rates of recruitment or a high mortality of recruits. Disc-diameter data gathered from this and previous studies indicated that growth in A. constrictum is initially rapid, with individuals reaching a disc diameter of 15 mm in ≃2.5 yr; growth decreases with age, as in other deep-sea ophiuroids. Growth rate within years, however, was not constant, with faster growth in the spring/summer. Maximum size for A. constrictum is reached in ≃8 yr at ∼23 mm disc diam. Anecdotal evidence indicates that A. constrictum may not be confined solely to black coral colonies.
Editeur
Springer; Springer
Identifiant
ISSN : 0025-3162 CODEN : MBIOAJ
Source
Marine biology (Berlin) A. 1997, vol. 127, n° 4, pp. 687-697 [bibl. : 38 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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