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Cytology and ultrastructure of interactions between Ustilago esculenta and Zizania latifolia
Zhang Jing-Ze ; Chu Fu-Qiang ; Guo De-Ping ; ...
Ustilago esculenta is a biotrophic smut fungus that parasitizes Zizania latifolia, an edible aquatic vegetable of the southern China region. Infection results in swelling of the upper parts of the Z. latifolia culm which are called jiaobai and have a unique flavor and delicacy and are popular among Chinese. The infection process of Z. latifolia by U. esculenta was investigated with light and electron microscopy. Distribution of hyphae was uneven in plants; hyphae were mainly present in the swollen upper parts (jiaobai), the nodal regions of mature culms and old rhizomes and buds or shoots. Hyphae were rare in the internodes of mature culms and were fewer in the internodes of old rhizomes. All new buds produced on the nodes of culms and rhizomes were infected by hyphae in November before and in March after overwintering. The hyphae grew into the buds from the parent nodes via intervascular tissues only or via parenchyma tissues and vascular bundles. Hyphae extended within and between the host cells and frequently formed hyphal aggregations or clusters, not only in the mature tissues but also in developing tissues. The typical interface between the fungal hyphal wall and invaginated host plasma membrane comprised a sheath. The sheath surrounding a hyphae comprised an outer electron-opaque matrix and an inner electron-dense layer. The electron-opaque matrix layers were thicker in jiaobai tissues, ranging from 0.28 to 0.85 μm. The electron-dense hyphal coatings were more conspi
ISSN : 1861-8952
Mycological progress (Internet) A. 2012, vol. 11, n° 2, pp. 499-508 [10 pages]
German Mycological Society and Springer, 2012
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