Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
«NECTANEBOS-THE-FALCONS»: SCULPTURE IMAGES OF NECTANEBO II BEFORE THE GOD HORUS AND THEIR CONCEPT
Images de Nectanébo au faucon : Les sculptures de Nectanébo II devant le dieu Horus et leur concept
Auteur(s)
LADYNIN I. A.
Résumé
The paper deals with a type of sculpture groups showing the falcon Horus with the last Egyptian king Nectanebo II (about one third of the falcon's height) before him, as if protected by him (the best known and really artistically magnificent specimen of this type is a sculpture of green basalt MMA 34.2.1). Five sculptures of this type are inscribed at their bases; the inscriptions consist of the benediction ('nh... «Be alive...»), including the titulary in the complete or in a somewhat shortened form added with an epithet; the one that must be especially mentioned is the titulary at the sculpture group from Tanis showing the epithet of Horus «the divine falcon, issue of Isis» (bik ntr[y] pr m St) included directly in the nsw-bity name of Nectanebo II. As shown by J. Yoyotte (1959) and H. de Meulenaere (1960), the priestly titles of «god's servants» (hm-ntr) of «Nectanebo-the-Falcon» (Nht-Ḥr-Ḥbyt-p-bk) or simply «The Falcon» (p?-bik), found rather widely in the monuments of the late 4th ― 3rd centuries B.C., belonged to the priests, who provided for the worship of these sculpture groups. One can conclude that those images were placed and their cult was established in most local temples of Egypt, where Nectanebo II carried out building or restorations. Symptomatically, these priests were employed in Ptolemaic time as a sort of experts in belabouring the new forms of royal ideology (J. Quaegebeur, 1985, 1989). The interpretation proposed for the sculpture groups
Editeur
Nauka
Identifiant
ISSN : 0321-0391
Source
Vestnik drevnej istorii A. 2009, n° 4, pp. 3-26 [24 pages]
Langue
Russe
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