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Leaf variation in a tree of Pourouma tomentosa (Cecropiaceae) in French Guiana
Kincaid Dwight T. ; Anderson Patti J. ; Mori Scott A.
In the flora of French Guiana we find considerable within-plant variation in leaf form. We observed entire, two-lobed, and three-lobed leaves within five separate levels (tiers) of the canopy of a single individual ofPourouma tomentosa subsp.maroniensis. Five branches from each of the five tiers of the tree were collected around the axis of the trunk. From these branches five secondary branchlets were selected and all leaves excised with information recorded as to nodal position, number of leaf nodes, and fertility status of the main branch. This design produced 1015 leaves representing about 20 m2 of foliar area and about 2.4 kg of blade dry weight. Our objectives were to determine if statistically significant patterns exist for leaf variation and to suggest improvements for future, general collections. The four lower tiers had 62% entire, 10% 2-lobed, and 28% 3-lobed leaves, in contrast to the top tier with 38% entire, 11% 2-lobed, and 51% 3-lobed leaves. The top tier had no fertile branches. in the lower tiers, fertile branches produced 68% entire leaves whereas nonfertile branches produced only 46% entire leaves. In the top tier, lobed leaves made up 73% of surface area, while in the lower tiers, lobed leaves made up only 48% of total surface area. We selected a random subset of 75 leaves from the 1015, for morphometric analysis using two-way ANOVA (tier×leaf type). The boundaries of leaf images were digitized and rendered into Fourier coefficients, yielding leaf s
ISSN : 1938-436X
Brittonia (Online) A. 1998, vol. 50, n° 3, pp. 324-338 [15 pages]
The New York Botanical Garden, 1998
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