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A Phase I Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Study of TK1258, an Oral, Multitargeted Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors
SARKER Debashis ; MOLIFE Rhoda ; EVANS T. R. Jeffrey ; ...
Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) dose-limiting toxicity, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of TKI258 (formerly CHIR-258). Experimental Design: A phase I dose escalating trial in patients with advanced solid tumors was performed. Treatment was initially as single daily doses on an intermittent 7-day on/7-day off schedule. Following a protocol amendment, a second schedule comprised, during cycle 1, 7-day on/7-day off treatment followed by 14 days of continuous daily dosing; subsequent cycles comprised 28 days of daily dosing. Pharmacokinetics and evaluation of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were done during the first 28 days of each schedule. Results: Thirty-five patients were treated in four intermittent (25-100 mg/d) and three continuous (100-175 mg/d) dosing cohorts. Observed drug-related toxicities were nausea and vomiting, fatigue, headache, anorexia, and diarrhea. Dose-limiting toxicities were grade 3 hypertension in one patient at 100 mg continuous dosing, grade 3 anorexia in a second patient at 175 mg, and grade 3 alkaline phosphatase elevation in a third patient at 175 mg. One patient had a partial response (melanoma) and two patients had stable disease >6 months. TKI258 pharmacokinetics were linear over the dose range of 25 to 175 mg. Five of 14 evaluable patients had modulation of phosphorylated ERK levels. Conclusions: The MTD was defined as 125 mg/d. Evidence of an
American Association for Cancer Research
PMID : 18381947 ISSN : 1078-0432 CODEN : CCREF4
Clinical cancer research A. 2008, vol. 14, n° 7, pp. 2075-2081 [7 pages] [bibl. : 15 ref.]
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