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New polysaccharide from Nerium indicum protects neurons via stress kinase signaling pathway
YU Man-Shan ; WONG Anita Yuk-Yee ; SO Kwok-Fai ; ...
Most of the polysaccharides purified from Chinese medicinal herbs showed anti-tumor and immune-stimulating effects. However, little is known about their effects on neuroprotection. Our previous study has demonstrated that polysaccharides (J2, J3 and J4) isolated from the flowers of Nerium indicum (Oleander) exert partial protection in cortical neurons stressed by beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptides or deprivation of nutrition from serum. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a new polysaccharide from the flowers of Ν. indicum (named as J6) and aimed to investigate its neuroprotective effects against Aβ-induced apoptosis. Pretreatment of the polysaccharide J6 significantly decreased the activity of caspase-3 as well as the cytotoxicity triggered by Aβ peptides in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast to the activation of survival signaling such as Akt found in J2, J3 and J4 fractions, neuroprotective effects of J6 markedly inhibited Aβ peptide-stimulated phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK-1) as determined by Western blot analysis. Taken together, the polysaccharide J6 isolated from the flowers of N. indicum can serve as potential neuroprotective agent against neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease and the neuroprotective mechanism may primarily rely on inactivation of JNK signaling pathway.
ISSN : 0006-8993 CODEN : BRREAP
Brain research A. 2007, vol. 1153, pp. 221-230 [10 pages] [bibl. : 1 p.]
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