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Titre du Document
A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women
Auteur(s)
HU F. B. ; STAMPFER M. J. ; RIMM E. B. ; ...
Résumé
Context Reduction in egg consumption has been widely recommended to lower blood cholesterol levels and prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies on egg consumption and risk of CHD are sparse. Objective To examine the association between egg consumption and risk of CHD and stroke in men and women. Design and Setting Two prospective cohort studies, the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-1994) and the Nurses' Health Study (1980-1994). Participants A total of 37 851 men aged 40 to 75 years at study outset and 80 082 women aged 34 to 59 years at study outset, free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, or cancer. Main Outcome Measures Incident nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal CHD, and stroke corresponding to daily egg consumption as determined by a food-frequency questionnaire. Results We documented 866 incident cases of CHD and 258 incident cases of stroke in men during 8 years of follow-up and 939 incident cases of CHD and 563 incident cases of stroke in women during 14 years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, smoking, and other potential CHD risk factors, we found no evidence of an overall significant association between egg consumption and risk of CHD or stroke in either men or women. The relative risks (RRs) of CHD across categories of intake were less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (1.06), 2 to 4 per week (1.12), 5 to 6 per week (0.90), and ≥1 per day (1.08) (P for trend =.75) for men; and less than 1 per week (1.0
Editeur
American Medical Association
Identifiant
PMID : 10217054 ISSN : 0098-7484
Source
JAMA, the journal of the American Medical Association A. 1999, vol. 281, n° 15, pp. 1387-1394 [bibl. : 54 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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