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Surface-banding liquid manure over aeration slots : A new low-disturbance method for reducing ammonia emissions and improving yield of perennial grasses
BITTMAN Shabtai ; VAN VLIET Laurens J. P. ; KOWALENKO C. Grant ; ...
Low-disturbance methods for applying slurry manure on forages are needed that can maximize crop response and minimize loss of nutrients to the environment. A new implement [Aerway SSD (subsurface deposition slurry applicator)] that bands manure over aeration-type slots was assessed relative to conventional broadcasting and surface banding. The comparison was based on immediate and residual crop responses to single and multiple applications of dairy slurry by tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.). Also, ammonia emissions were compared using both semiopen chamber and micrometeorological (integrated horizontal flux) methods. The aeration slots without manure generally did not have a significant effect on yield or N uptake. Averaged over all harvests, surface banding increased yield and N uptake over broadcasting by 6.9 and 6.8%, respectively. The SSD increased yield and N uptake over surface banding by 4.4 and 7.5%, respectively. The relative effectiveness of the techniques on yield varied among experiments. In the ammonia volatilization trials (micrometeorological method), loss of applied total ammoniacal N in the 2 wk after application ranged from 36 to 61% for broadcast manure compared with 17 to 32% for SSD-applied manure. With both micrometeorological and semiopen chamber, ammonia emissions from applied manure were 46 to 48% lower with the SSD than with broadcasting. Emissions from surface-banded manure (chamber method) averaged
American Society of Agronomy
ISSN : 0002-1962 CODEN : AGJOAT
Agronomy journal (Print) A. 2005, vol. 97, n° 5, pp. 1304-1313 [10 pages] [bibl. : 30 ref.]
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