Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
The rayed crater Zunil and interpretations of small impact craters on Mars
Auteur(s)
MCEWEN Alfred S. ; PREBLICH Brandon S. ; TURTLE Elizabeth P. ; ...
Résumé
A 10-km diameter crater named Zunil in the Cerberus Plains of Mars created ∼107 secondary craters 10 to 200 m in diameter. Many of these secondary craters are concentrated in radial streaks that extend up to 1600 km from the primary crater, identical to lunar rays. Most of the larger Zunìl secondaries are distinctive in both visible and thermal infrared imaging. MOC images of the secondary craters show sharp rims and bright ejecta and rays, but the craters are shallow and often noncircular, as expected for relatively low-velocity impacts. About 80% of the impact craters superimposed over the youngest surfaces in the Cerberus Plains, such as Athabasca Valles, have the distinctive characteristics Zunil secondaries. We have not identified any other large (≥10 km diameter) impact crater on Mars with such distinctive rays of young secondary craters, so the age of the crater may be less than a few Ma. Zunil formed in the apparently youngest (least cratered) large-scale lava plains on Mars, and may be an excellent example of how spallation of a competent surface layer can produce high-velocity ejecta (Melosh, 1984, Impact ejection, spallation, and the origin of meteorites, Icarus 59, 234-260). It could be the source crater for some of the basaltic shergottites, consistent with their crystallization and ejection ages, composition, and the fact that Zunil produced abundant high-velocity ejecta fragments. A 38-hydrodynamic simulation of the impact event produced 1010 r
Editeur
Elsevier
Identifiant
ISSN : 0019-1035 CODEN : ICRSA5
Source
Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1962) A. 2005, vol. 176, n° 2, pp. 351-381 [31 pages] [bibl. : 2 p.3/4]
Langue
Anglais
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