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Anesthetic management for an infant with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve
TANAKA Tomoharu ; YAMASHITA Hiroshi ; ISHII Hisanari ; ...
Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve (TOF/APV) is a rare disease, and characterized by massive dilatation of pulmonary artery. Bronchial compression by the aneurysm-like dilated pulmonary artery sometimes results in severe respiratory compromise. Surgery including closure of VSD and right ventricular outflow construction is often needed in infancy. But, even after the surgical correction, patients often suffer from right ventricular failure due to right ventriculotomy and poor development of pulmonary capillaries. Therefore, preventing pulmonary hypertension is important during the perioperative period. We report an infant with TOF/APV. This 3 month-old boy developed respiratory distress suddenly. After the induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane, fentanyl, and vecuronium, continuous infusion of alprostadil and olprinone was started. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was instituted smoothly. VSD was closed and right ventricular outflow tract was reconstructed. Dilated pulmonary arteries were resected and plicated. Weaning from CPB was easy and postoperative course was uneventful with mild pulmonary hypertension. In the cases predisposed to right ventricular failure like TOF/APV, olprinone may be useful.
PMID : 15747515 ISSN : 0021-4892 CODEN : MASUAC
Masui A. 2005, vol. 54, n° 2, pp. 169-171 [3 pages]
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