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The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being
BROWN Kirk Warren ; RYAN Richard M.
Mindfulness is an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being. This research provides a theoretical and empirical examination of the role of mindfulness in psychological well-being. The development and psychometric properties of the dispositional Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) are described. Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies then show that the MAAS measures a unique quality of consciousness that is related to a variety of well-being constructs, that differentiates mindfulness practitioners from others, and that is associated with enhanced self-awareness. An experience-sampling study shows that both dispositional and state mindfulness predict self-regulated behavior and positive emotional states. Finally, a clinical intervention study with cancer patients demonstrates that increases in mindfulness over time relate to declines in mood disturbance and stress.
American Psychological Association
PMID : 12703651 ISSN : 0022-3514 CODEN : JPSPB2
Journal of personality and social psychology A. 2003, vol. 84, n° 4, pp. 822-848 [27 pages] [bibl. : 3 p.1/2]
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