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Chlorose, een verdwenen ziekte van kwijnende jonge meisjes
Chlorosis, the lost disease of languid young women
Chlorosis or'green sickness' was frequently seen in languid girls and young women in the I9th century but disappeared completely in the first part of the 20th century. The clinical picture comprised menstrual disorders such as amenorrhoea, pallor and many vague symptoms including apathy and hypochondria. At a later stage anaemia and iron deficiency became prominent characteristics. The skin was reported to take on a greenish hue, but this is disputable. Related diseases were hysteria and anorexia. In the middle of the I9th century hydrotherapy was treatment of choice, and later on iron therapy came to the fore. In I898 Catharine van Tussenbroek, the first female Dutch gynaecologist, pointed to the social factors at the root of the disease: the lack of perspective for young girls in society at that time. The disappearance of the disease can be partially attributed to improved diagnostics but more so to changes in the social position of women around the turn of the century.
Bohn Stafleu Loghum
PMID : 14735854 ISSN : 0028-2162
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde A. 2003, vol. 147, n° 51, pp. 2535-2539 [5 pages]
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