Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Diet choice in an omnivorous salt-marsh crab: different food types, body size, and habitat complexity
Auteur(s)
BUCK Tracy L. ; BREED Greg A. ; PENNINGS Steven C. ; ...
Résumé
Studies of diet choice by omnivores have the potential to form conceptual links between studies of diet choice by herbivores, frugivores, detritivores, and predators. We examined diet choice in the omnivorous salt marsh crab Armases cinereum (=Sesarma cinereum (Grapsidae)) in a series of laboratory experiments. Armases is sexually dimorphic, with larger males having relatively larger claws than females. In a growth experiment, an invertebrate diet supported better growth than any other single diet; however, growth also occurred on single diets of mud, leaf litter or fresh leaves. Mixed diets provided the best growth. If alternative foods were available, consumption of leaf litter and fresh leaves decreased, but these items were not dropped from the diet completely. In contrast, consumption of invertebrate prey was not affected by the availability of alternative foods. In a predation experiment, crustacean prey (an amphipod and an isopod) were more vulnerable to predation by Armases than were two small gastropod species. Only large male Armases were able to consume large numbers of gastropods. Environmental structure (plant litter or litter mimics) reduced predation rates, especially on crustaceans, which actively utilized the structure to hide from predators. Armases consumes a mixed diet because several factors (prey physical defenses, avoidance behavior of prey, growth benefits of a mixed diet) favor omnivory over a specialized diet. Similar factors may promote minor amount
Editeur
Elsevier Science
Identifiant
ISSN : 0022-0981 CODEN : JEMBAM
Source
Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology A. 2003, vol. 292, n° 1, pp. 103-116 [14 pages] [bibl. : 2 p.1/4]
Langue
Anglais
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