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Titre du Document
William Hasledine Pepys FRS: A life in scientific research, learned societies and technical enterprise
William Hasledine Pepys FRS : une vie dans la recherche scientifique, les sociétés savantes et l'entreprise technique
Auteur(s)
KURZER Frederick
Résumé
In a long and many-sided career, William Hasledine Pepys (1775-1856) contributed significantly to the advancement of the chemical and physical sciences during the first half of the nineteenth century. As an original investigator he determined, in collaboration with William Allen, the composition of carbon dioxide, and the density of ammonia, and elucidated the chemical phenomena of respiration in man, animals, and plants. The success of these researches was largely due to the use of ingenious apparatus of his own invention and design. In the field of experimental physics, he investigated several aspects of the recently discovered Voltaic electricity: his 'Voltaic coil'. consisting of only two plates, but of very large dimensions, was particularly suited for investigating electromagnetic phenomena and was so used in Davy's researches. Pepys was one of the co-founders of the Mineralogical and Geological Societies, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1808. As a prominent member of both the Royal and London Institutions, he held honorary office as Manager and Vice-President, contributing materially to the direction of the affairs of these bodies. Pepys was a friend of Humphry Davy and was acquainted with nearly all the leading scientists and medical men of the day. At the same time, he superintended a notable manufacture of surgical instruments in the City, and promoted by his active directorship the affairs of two public companies, both pioneers in their technologic
Editeur
Taylor & Francis
Identifiant
ISSN : 0003-3790 CODEN : ANNSA8
Source
Annals of science A. 2003, vol. 60, n° 2, pp. 137-183 [47 pages]
Langue
Anglais
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