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Titre du Document
Seawater desalination and salt production in a hybrid membrane-thermal process
TUREK Marian
Corporation(s) du ou des auteurs
European Desalination Society L'Aquila ITA (Commanditaire); Alexandria University Desalination Studies and Technology Center Alexandria EGY (Commanditaire)
Several hybrid systems, which are developed now, namely NF-MSF, NF-RO-MSF, NF-RO-MD and others offer promising performance. An integrated system for complete usage of components in seawater is also being considered. In all the aforementioned systems NF as water pre-treatment method is applied and a considerable decrease in scale forming components is achieved. Higher recovery may be then reached when desalting in comparison to traditionally treated water. Very compact NF membranes are applied which results in a very high rejection of divalent ions and relatively high rejection of sodium chloride. A simultaneous decrease of NaCl concentration in NF process is then obtained which causes an increase in the RO recovery since the osmotic pressure value ofNF permeate is diminished. If NF-MSF (orNF followed by any thermal method) system is considered a NaCl concentration decrease in the pre-treatment is however not essential for the NF step. The salt concentration influence on thermal method performance is very weak in comparison to RO. Furthermore the highly concentrated MSF brine might be used as a possible byproduct, e.g. for obtaining salt. A dual-purpose desalination-salt production system may be then suggested. Two arrangements are presented, namely: UF-NF-MSF-crystallisation and UF-NF-RO-MSF-crystallisation systems. The high rate of water recovery is accompanied by salt obtainment in these systems. If $30/ton of salt is assumed the water cost is equal to $0.71/m3 in UF-
Type du document
Conférence : EuroMed 2002, Sharm El Sheikh, Sinai, EGY, 2002-05-04
ISSN : 0011-9164 CODEN : DSLNAH
Desalination (Amsterdam) A. 2003, vol. 153, n° 1-3, pp. 173-177 [5 pages] [bibl. : 13 ref.]
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