Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Grazing intensity and the diversity of grasshoppers, butterflies, and trap-nesting bees and wasps
Auteur(s)
KRUESS Andreas ; TSCHARNTKE Teja
Résumé
The maintenance of grasslands as distinct habitats depends on regular management, usually through grazing or mowing, but their species diversity is known to decline with increasing management intensity. The reduction of management intensity can be a useful tool for the long-term conservation of the biological diversity of grasslands. We analyzed floral and faunal diversity on intensively and extensively (unintensively) grazed pastures and on 5- to 10-year-old ungrazed grasslands in northern Germany. Each of the three grassland habitats differing in grazing intensity was replicated six times. We related diverse taxa such as grasshoppers, butterfly adults and lepidopteran larvae, and trap-nesting solitary bees and wasps to vegetation structure. There was an increase of species richness and abundance from pastures to ungrazed grasslands. The percentage of parasitism of the most abundant trap-nesting species, the digger-wasp (Trypoxylon figulus), was also higher on ungrazed grasslands. Decreased grazing on pastures enhanced species richness for adult butterflies only, whereas the abundance of adult butterflies, solitary bees and wasps, and their natural enemies increased. Although the differences in insect diversity between pastures and ungrazed grassland could be attributed to a greater vegetation height and heterogeneity (bottom-up effects) on ungrazed areas, the differences between intensively and extensively grazed pastures could not be explained by changes in vegetation char
Editeur
Blackwell
Identifiant
ISSN : 0888-8892 CODEN : CBIOEF
Source
Conservation biology A. 2002, vol. 16, n° 6, pp. 1570-1580 [11 pages] [bibl. : 1 p.1/4]
Langue
Anglais
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