Détail de la notice
Titre du Document
Fog and acidification impacts on ion budgets of basins in Nova Scotia, Canada
Auteur(s)
YANNI S. ; KEYS K. ; CLAIR T. A. ; ...
Résumé
We examined hydrogeochemical records for a dozen watersheds in and near Kejimkujik National Park in southwestern Nova Scotia by relating stream ion concentrations and fluxes to atmospheric deposition, stream type (lake inlet versus outlet; brown versus clear water), and watershed type (catchment area, topography, soils, and dominant forest cover type). We found that fog and dry deposition make important contributions to S, N, Cl, H, Ca, Mg, K, and Na inputs into these watersheds. Seasalt chloride deposition from rain, snow, fog, and dry deposition equal total stream outputs on a region-wide basis. Chloride outputs, however, differ among watersheds by a factor of about two, likely due to local differences in air flow and vegetational fog interception. We found that most of the incoming N is absorbed by the vegetation, as stream water NO3- and NH4+ are very low. Our results also show that the vegetation and the soils absorb about half of the incoming SO4-2. In comparison with other North American watersheds with similar forest vegetation, Ca outputs are low, while Mg and K outputs are similar to other regions. Soil exchangeable Ca and soil cation exchange capacity are also very low. We found that first-order forest streams with no upstream lakes have a distinct seasonal pattern that neither corresponds with the seasonal pattern of atmospheric deposition, nor with the seasonal pattern of downstream lake outlets.
Editeur
American Water Resources Association
Identifiant
ISSN : 1093-474X CODEN : JWRAF5
Source
Journal of the American Water Resources Association A. 2000, vol. 36, n° 3, pp. 619-631 [Illustrations : Tableau] [bibl. : 38 ref.]
Langue
Anglais
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